Use my chart to find substitutes for many common ingredients. Arranged by category.

Baking Ingredients

If the recipe calls for:
You can substitute this:
1 tablespoon cornstarch
2 tablespoons all-purpose flour (for thickening)
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar plus 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
3/4 teaspoon cracker crumbs 1 cup bread crumbs
1 cup sugar 1 cup packed brown sugar or 2 cups sifted powdered sugar
1 teaspoon dry mustard 1 tablespoon prepared mustard
1 cup cake flour 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
1 cup self-rising flour 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon baking powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1 square (1 ounce) unsweetened chocolate 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 tablespoon shortening or cooking oil, or 1-ounce envelope premelted unsweetened chocolate product
6 squares (6 ounces) semisweet chocolate 6 ounces semisweet chocolate pieces, or 6 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/4 cup sugar and 1/4 cup shortening
4 squares (4 ounces) German sweet cooking chocolate
1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/3 cup sugar and 3 tablespoons shortening
1.06 oz cake compressed yeast
1/4-ounce envelop active dry yeast


1/4 cup fine dry bread crumbs 3/4 cup soft bread crumbs, or 1/4 cup cracker crumbs, or 1/4 cup cornflake crumbs, or 2/3 cup rolled oats

Dairy Ingredients

1 cup whole milk 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water, or 1 cup water plus 1/3 cup nonfat dry milk powder
1 cup light cream or half-and-half
1 tablespoon melted butter plus enough milk to make 1 cup
1 cup dairy sour cream
1 cup plain yogurt
1 whole egg
2 egg yolks
1 cup margarine 1 cup butter or 1 cup shortening plus 1/4 teaspoon salt, if desired
1 cup whipping cream whipped
2 cups whipped dessert topping
1 cup buttermilk 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough whole milk to make 1 cup (let stand for 5 minutes before using), or 1 cup whole milk plus 1 3/4 teaspoons cream of tartar, or 1 cup plain yogurt

Fresh Produce

1 small onion, chopped (1/3 cup) 1 teaspoon onion powder or 1 tablespoon dried minced onion
1 clove garlic 1/2 teaspoon bottled minced garlic or 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
1 teaspoon finely shredded fresh orange peel or lemon peel
1 teaspoon dried orange peel or lemon peel


1 tablespoon herbs, fresh 1 teaspoon dried herbs
1 small onion, fresh 1 tablespoon instant minced onion
1 teaspoon pumpkin pie spice 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon plus 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger, 1/4 teaspoon ground allspice, and 1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg
1 teaspoon apple pie spice 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon plus 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg, 1/8 teaspoon ground allspice, and dash ground ginger
1 teaspoon poultry seasoning 3/4 teaspoon dried sage, crushed, plus 1/4 teaspoon dried thyme, crushed, or dried marjoram, crushed


1 slice crisp bacon, crumbled 1 tablespoon cooked bacon pieces


1 cup honey
1-1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid
1 cup sugar 1 cup packed brown sugar or 2 cups sifted powdered sugar
1/2 cup sugar, brown 2 tablespoons molasses in 1/2 cup granulated sugar
1 cup sugar, powdered 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1 teaspoon cornstarch
1 cup corn syrup
1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid
1 cup dark corn syrup
3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses, or 1 cup light corn syrup
1 cup molasses 1 cup honey

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